The Bandoneon

The bandoneon is the key to the tango sound. Named after its inventor, Heinrich Band (1821–1860), the bandoneon is a large, rather complicated concertina originally developed in Germany for churches that could not afford organs. Around 1870, German and Italian emigrants and sailors brought the instrument to Argentina, where it was adopted into the early genre of tango music. 

Francisco Canaro

Born in Uruguay in 1888 to impoverished Italian immigrants, at the age of 10 his family emigrated to Buenos Aires. Bursting with musicality, he made his first violin out of wood and the remains of an oil can. Canaro proceeds to teach himself to play this bizarre instrument.

Canaro went on to become one of the driving factors in the creation of the wildly successful Buenos Aires based Tango Music Industry of the Golden Era of Tango. Canaro earned a place as a national icon of wealth and prosperity, along with the inevitably associated greed.